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Most Common Types of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

sex_healthWhen you have a sexually transmitted disease (STD), all you can think about is getting better. Whether you have a common infection or a condition as serious as herpes, it’s important to seek treatment for a sexually transmitted disease as soon as possible to preserve your health and fertility.

Symptoms and Route of Transmission for Common STDs

If you suspect that you have contracted an STD, call your doctor or a sexual wellness clinic to schedule a confidential and comprehensive exam. You may receive a diagnosis of one of the following:

  • BV (Bacterial Vaginosis): This is not an STD, but rather an infection in the vagina caused by a change in bacteria levels. It can cause an STD if left untreated.
  • Chlamydia: You can acquire this STD through vaginal, oral, or anal sex. It may affect a woman’s ability to get pregnant if not treated promptly.
  • Genital warts: You can get this type of sexually transmitted infection through contact with the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) of your partner. It causes one or several bumps in the genital area.
  • Gonorrhea: Symptoms of gonorrhea in both men and women can appear in the throat, on the anus, or on the genitals. A pregnant woman may pass gonorrhea to her unborn child.
  • Herpes: You can get Herpes Simplex Type I or Herpes Simplex Type II from your partner without that person knowing that he or she has it. It manifests as cold sores on the face or sores in the genital area.
  • Syphilis: Syphilis can appear as sores in or around the mouth, genital region, or around the anus. It has four stages and can be extremely serious in the later stages when it may cause damage to the brain, heart, or other organs.
  • Trichomoniasis: This STD, transmitted by a parasite, is curable with a single-dose antibiotic.

As part of your treatment, your doctor should let you know the best ways to prevent a recurrence of the same STD in the future. This will likely include tips on safe sexual practices.

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